Soft tissue stability around dental implants after soft tissue grafting from the lateral palate or the tuberosity area – A randomized controlled clinical study

Rojo E., Stroppa G., Sanz-Martin I., Gonzalez-Martín O., Nart J.
J Clin Periodontol. 2020 Apr 18. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.13292.


To compare the soft tissue stability (STA) around single implants previously augmented with either subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) from the lateral palate (LP) or from the tuberosity area (TA).

Twenty-nine patients showing 33 implants with buccal volume deficiency randomly received SCTG from LP (control group/CG) or TA (test group/TG). At 4 months (FU-4) the definitive crown was installed and an intra-oral scan performed. At 12 months (FU-12), a new scan was registered. Between FU-4 and FU-12 STA was evaluated by STL image superimposition. Clinical parameters and the modified pink aesthetic score (PES) (Fürhauser et al. 2005) were recorded.

After FU-4 both tissues demonstrated a similar STA without statistically significant differences (SSD). The mean soft tissue changes were 0.03 ± 0.22 mm for CG and 0.04 ± 0.23 mm for TG (p = .870). SSD were observed for changes in keratinized tissue (KT) with greater stability for TG (0 ± 0.32 mm) compared with CG (-0.3 ± 0.33 mm) (p = .002). PES resulted in mean values of 8.37 ± 2.46 for CG and 8.54 ± 2.43 for TG (p=.59).

Both groups demonstrated similar STA between the definitive crown placement and 12 months, while greater stability of the KT gained was observed in TG.

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